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"In 1926, a group of African-American residents of Wilmington, NC, asked if they could use the Wilmington Public Library. They were denied and within a few months they raised enough money to start their own library at Giblem Masonic Hall."

Florida: In 1949, Mrs. Christine Morris (above, left) almost single-handedly established the first library for African Americans in segregated Clearwater in a storefront on the corner of Palmetto and Pennsylvania Streets. The library she began is now embodied in the north Greenwood branch of the Clearwater Public Library.

Christine Wigfall Morris: Clearwater’s First African American Librarian Book Signing

Harsh, Vivian G. (ca. 1930s). Special Negro Collection, George Cleveland Hall Branch, Chicago Public Library

Alexandria Library (VA) "On August 21, 1939, five African American men individually entered the segregated building and requested library cards. When denied, each man calmly took a book off of a shelf to read. After two hours, library authorities had the men arrested for their act of 'civil disobedience'.

[Tuskegee Institute library reading room with male and female students sitting at tables, reading]. Photo by Frances Benjamin Johnston, ca. 1902. Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.