"In 1926, a group of African-American residents of Wilmington, NC, asked if they could use the Wilmington Public Library. They were denied and within a few months they raised enough money to start their own library at Giblem Masonic Hall."
White Slaves Mass Campaign: Eight former slaves toured the northern states to raise money for impoverished African-American schools in New Orleans; four children with mixed-race ancestry and pale complexions were deliberately included to evoke sympathy from white northerners.
AFFRILACHIANS | The term Affrilachian, coined in the early 1990's by Kentucky poet Frank X Walker. Walker sought to recognize people who are both African American and Appalachian, and to recover the multiracial identify of the region. The people of the southern mountains were, from early settlement days, a community of white, Native American, and African American families. Photo: AME Zion Congregation (courtesy of Hunter Library Special Collections, WCU)
A snapshot of the Great Migration -- “A negro family just arrived in Chicago from the rural South” Source: The Negro in Chicago; a study of race relations and a race riot, by the Chicago Commission on Race Relations. The University of Chicago Press, c. 1922. now at Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, New York Public Library
Marie Louise Bottineau Baldwin (1863-1952), Chippewa lawyer; she was the first Native American student and first woman of color to graduate from the Washington College of Law, in 1914. She worked in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and was an officer in the Society of American Indians. Because she was a fluent French speaker, she offered her skills as a translator to the War Department during WWI.