Black Indians. Native Americans in the Five Civilized Tribes sometimes owned African slaves. The Cherokee freed their slaves in 1866 and gave them full tribal citizenship. These former slaves were called tribal Freedmen.
This picture is of Whirling Horse. I consider this photograph to be a classic, and shows the man with full head dress, buckskin clothing, and blanket. It is believed that Whirling Horse was a member of a Wild West Show, possibly Buffalo Bill Cody's. So, in looking at the picture we must wonder whether this is the way he looked as a traditional Indian person, or whether this is how Buffalo Bill told him he should dress for the show.