$5,000 grant from the Texas Historical Foundaiton Thanks to a generous donation from the Texas Historical Foundation, the Texas State Archives has begun a long-term project to preserve and improve access to the early case files of the Texas Supreme Court.
There was a shortage of prison accommodation in the Victorian era, so long-term prisoners were transferred to provincial prisons, or to the dreaded hulks. The hulks were decommissioned warships anchored in the mud off Woolwich. They were dark, damp and verminous and few prisoners managed to escape. This is a cross-section of a hulk called the Defence, published in Henry Mayhew’s The Criminal Prisons of London, in 1862.