German: Essen crown - The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones.
1600 - The Crown of István Bocskay (or Stephen Bocskai - 1 January 1557 - 29 December This Transylvanian prince sided with the Ottoman Turks during their wars with the Habsburg empire. As a sign of their gratitude, the Ottoman Sultan Achmed I s
The Iron Crown of Charlemagne made of gold and iron and set with precious stones between 700 and 780 AD. Charlemagne was crowned the first Holy Roman Emperor, reputedly with the Iron Crown, by Pope Leo III in Rome on Christmas Night, 800 AD.