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Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

German: Essen crown - The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones.

The Crown of István Bocskay  (1/1/1557 - 12/29/1606) chief counsellor of Prince Sigismund Báthory.  Hift from Ottoman Sultan Achmed I  modeled after the Byzantine kamelaukion - probably Persian production

1600 - The Crown of István Bocskay (or Stephen Bocskai - 1 January 1557 - 29 December This Transylvanian prince sided with the Ottoman Turks during their wars with the Habsburg empire. As a sign of their gratitude, the Ottoman Sultan Achmed I s

Catherine the Great crown

The Great Imperial Crown, Russian Crown Jewels, made for the Empress Catherine II the Great's coronation in 1762

Royal Tiaras, Royal Jewels, Crown Jewels, Elizabeth Ii, Headpieces, Bling Bling, Jewerly, Exhibitions, Feminine

Portugal,18th century, gold, silver, diamonds, rubies, emeralds

image Crown made of Gold, silver, rubis, emeralds and brilliants. Royal Palace of Ajuda, Portugal.

Charlemagne's Crown  The Iron Crown, made of gold and iron (reported to be a nail from the true cross) and set with precious stones  held in place by a mixture of beeswax and clay, a common adhesive of the times (700 and 780 AD)

The Iron Crown of Charlemagne made of gold and iron and set with precious stones between 700 and 780 AD. Charlemagne was crowned the first Holy Roman Emperor, reputedly with the Iron Crown, by Pope Leo III in Rome on Christmas Night, 800 AD.

crown jewels In the Tower of London

St Edward’s Crown 1661 Britain/London/Tower of London (Permanent Display 1 diadem, 4 empty frames)

Spanish, or Spanish Colonial        Crown, early 17th century              Gold, enamels, emeralds, diamonds, pearls, and aquamarine

centuriespast: “Spanish, or Spanish Colonial Crown, early century Art Institute Chicago ”

The Patriarchal Mitre of Patriarch Kyprianos (1708-09 and 1713-14). This diamond crown (Mitre) has a network of cast floral decoration studded with small diamonds, emeralds, rubies and pearls cover the entire mitre in the shape of a cross. Five repousse metal plaques represent Christ Εnthroned as the Great High Priest, above the forehead, and the busts of the four Evangelists, arranged symmetrically on the top of the mitre. Large precious stones and a cross at the top complete the…

This diamond crown (Mitre), is one of the most precious objects in the treasury of the Monastery of Patmos. A network of cast floral decoration studded wit.

Crown of Hildesheim, Germany (ca. 1000; gold, silver, cameos, pearls, precious gemstones).

The Crown of Hildesheim, showing a cameo and flat plaques of venetian-style patterned glass used as "gems". Cathedral of St. From: Early Medieval European Crowns and Coronets

Gregory III papal tiara (1572-1585) is the only antique tiara that survived the Napoleonic looting.

Diamond Encrusted gold papal crown of Gregory III - late century