The crown Stefan Bocskai,Europe | | - Romania. Persian c. 1600 Gold, rubies, spinels, emeralds, turquoises, pearls, silk H 23.2 cm, Diam. 18.8 cm-22 cm

The crown Stefan Bocskai,Europe | | - Romania. Persian c. 1600 Gold, rubies, spinels, emeralds, turquoises, pearls, silk H 23.2 cm, Diam. 18.8 cm-22 cm

The Kiani Crown of Iran has 1800 pearls, 300 emeralds, 1800 rubies, spinels, and diamonds.

The Kiani Crown of Iran has 1800 pearls, 300 emeralds, 1800 rubies, spinels, and diamonds.

Queen Marie-Amélie's Sapphire, Diamond, and Pearl Tiara and Parure, France (1830; made by Bapst; sapphires, pearls, diamonds). Came from Hortense de Beauharnais; may have belonged to her mother, Empress Josephine. Hortense sold them to King Louis-Philippe. His wife Queen Marie Amelie (Marie Antoinette's niece) remodeled them. Now in the Louvre.

Queen Marie-Amélie's Sapphire, Diamond, and Pearl Tiara and Parure, France (1830; made by Bapst; sapphires, pearls, diamonds). Came from Hortense de Beauharnais; may have belonged to her mother, Empress Josephine. Hortense sold them to King Louis-Philippe. His wife Queen Marie Amelie (Marie Antoinette's niece) remodeled them. Now in the Louvre.

Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

Essen crown. The small crown is the oldest surviving crown of lilies in Europe. It is stored for almost a millennium in the Essen treasury. It was used until the 16th century at the coronation of the Golden Madonna at the Candlemas on February 2nd. The gold band with 4 lilies is decorated with filigree patterns of coupled gold wires, set with pearls and precious stones. The crown was created at the second half of the 11th century. The origin of the crown is unclear.

Temple Pendant and Stick Date: ca. 1080–1150 Geography: Made in, Constantinople Culture: Byzantine Medium: Cloisonné enamel, gold Dimensions: Overall: 1 15/16 × 15/16 in. (4.9 × 2.4 cm) Length stick: 2 × 1/16 in. (5.1 × 0.2 cm) Classification: Enamels

Temple Pendant and Stick Date: ca. 1080–1150 Geography: Made in, Constantinople Culture: Byzantine Medium: Cloisonné enamel, gold Dimensions: Overall: 1 15/16 × 15/16 in. (4.9 × 2.4 cm) Length stick: 2 × 1/16 in. (5.1 × 0.2 cm) Classification: Enamels

Louis XV's crown (now set with paste stones). It's on display at the Muséee du Louvre.

Louis XV's crown (now set with paste stones). It's on display at the Muséee du Louvre.

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