16 Women in Science Bios of 16 distinguished women scientists from the until now. Also includes mathematics, statistics, computers, and management. Good source material here. Going in History > Women's History
Jackie Mitchell was one of the first female pitchers in professional baseball history. Pitching for the Chattanooga Lookouts Class AA minor league baseball team in an exhibition game against the New York Yankees, she struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig.
Jocelyn Bell Burnell (1943-) With the aid of a radio telescope she built herself, she became the first astronomer to detect pulsars—rapidly spinning, extremely dense neutron stars. But she was deemed too inexperienced to receive the Nobel Prize, which was given instead in 1974 to her thesis adviser, Anthony Hewish—a man who later referred to her as "a jolly good girl [who] was just doing her job."
Frances Elizabeth "Fran" Allen (born August is an American computer scientist and pioneer in the field of optimizing compilers. Allen was the first female IBM Fellow and in 2006 became the first woman to win the Turing Award