A PALMYRENE LIMESTONE BUST OF A WOMAN Circa Mid 2nd Century A.D. *In the mid 1st century AD, Palmyra, a wealthy and elegant city located along the caravan routes linking Persia with the Mediterranean ports of Roman Syria and Phoenicia, came under Roman control. A period of great prosperity followed.
Roman funerary relief of a woman and daughter, from Syria (1st century CE) -- The Greek inscription reads: "Mimia, too soon, farewell; Koartilla farewell" The mother wears native Mesopotamian costume; the daughter holds a wreath and wears fashionable Roman jewelry. On display at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Zenobia; 240–275; Zenobia was a 3rd-century Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria. She led a famous revolt against the Roman Empire. Zenobia became queen of the Palmyrene Empire following Odaenathus' death in 267. By 269, Zenobia had expanded the empire, conquering Egypt and expelling the Roman prefect, Tenagino Probus, who was beheaded after he led an attempt to recapture the territory. She ruled over Egypt until 274, when she was defeated and taken as a hostage to Rome.