Madeleine Vionnet cutwork dress. This lace-like fabric is the result of subtle, meticulous handwork, in which each tiny, ovoid hole was overcast with miniscule, evenly calibrated stitches. Vionnet conceived the papillon sleeves and circular skirt using precise, mathematical patterns, a practice that was a hallmark of the great designer’s method. Orange cotton, circa 1932, Paris. On view in "Elegance in an Age of Crisis: Fashion of the 1930s" at Museum at FIT, February 7 – April 19, 2014.