Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587) also known as Mary I of Scotland, was queen regnant of Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567 and queen consort of France from 10 July 1559 to 5 December 1560. Mary, the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland, was 6 days old when her father died and she succeeded to the throne.
1503 - James IV of Scotland marries Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England. The “Treaty of Everlasting Peace” is signed and both countries share ten years of peace. - Margaret was the older sister of Henry VIII, she was the grandmother of Mary- Queen of Scots, and great-grandmother of James VI of Scotland who became James I of England
On 9 September 1543 Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned “Queen of Scots” in the central Scottish town of Stirling. She ruled Scotland for 25 tumultuous years, ending in 1567. At one time, she claimed the crowns of four nations - Scotland, France, England and Ireland. Her physical beauty and kind heart were acknowledged even by her enemies.