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Everyone must remember that “Mt. Rushmore” (the Black Hills) does not legally belong to the federal government, and especially not to South Dakota. It was acknowledged as belonging to the sovereign Lakota Nation in the Sioux Treaty of 1868. The federal government STOLE the Hills from the Lakota, breaking the law they wrote with their own hands! The US is a repeat criminal but no one holds them accountable!

Ben Black Elk (Oglala) by Paul B. Steinmetz, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota

Seaman David Crazy Thunder (Oglala) and mother, Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, 1945.

Dakota Sioux Brave: American Indian Pictures

Diana Fletcher was a Black Indian who lived with the Kiowa by spiralsheep, via Flickr

Blue Shield and Two Kill - Assiniboine. Blue Shield born 1873 and Two Kill was born 1872. Photo taken at Fort Belknap, Montana, 1899.

Luqaiot - Kittitas c.1907-1930 by Edward S. Curtis. The North American Indian Photography of Edward S. Curtis, a professional photographer in Seattle, devoted his life to documenting what was perceived to be a vanishing race. His monumental publication "The North American Indian" presented to the public an extensive ethnographical study of numerous tribes, & his photographs remain memorable icons of the American Indian. The Smithsonian Libraries holds a complete set of this work.

In honor of the indigenous people of North America who have influenced our indigenous medicine and spirituality by virtue of their being a member of a tribe from the Western Region through the Plains including the beginning of time until tomorrow