World War One German Aviator Max Ritter von Mulzer by San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives, via Flickr

World War One German Aviator Max Ritter von Mulzer by San Diego Air & Space Museum Archives, via Flickr

Hugo Gutmann (1880–1971) was a German-Jewish veteran of World War I who is famously known as Adolf Hitler's superior officer during the war, as well as the man responsible for recommending Hitler for the award of the Iron Cross (First Class) in 1918.

Hugo Gutmann (1880–1971) was a German-Jewish veteran of World War I who is famously known as Adolf Hitler's superior officer during the war, as well as the man responsible for recommending Hitler for the award of the Iron Cross (First Class) in 1918.

Rare photographs of legendary World War I German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen (right) with his brother Lothar

Rare photographs of legendary World War I German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen (right) with his brother Lothar

James Goodson during WWII when he flew for the US Air Corps 4th Fighter Group. Mr. Goodson, who died on Aril 24, 2014 at the age of 93, destroyed 30 German aircraft, the 3rd most for any American pilot in the war.

James Goodson during WWII when he flew for the US Air Corps 4th Fighter Group. Mr. Goodson, who died on Aril 24, 2014 at the age of 93, destroyed 30 German aircraft, the 3rd most for any American pilot in the war.

Leutnant Otto Kissenberth Otto Kissenberth (26 February 1893 – 2 August 1919) was a German flying ace of World War I credited with 20 aerial victories. He was a prewar mechanical engineer who joined the German air service in 1914.  He would run his victory tally to 20, downing his final victim using a captured British Sopwith Camel on 20 May 1918.  Although Otto Kissenberth survived the war, he died soon after in a mountaineering accident on 2 August 1919.

Leutnant Otto Kissenberth Otto Kissenberth (26 February 1893 – 2 August 1919) was a German flying ace of World War I credited with 20 aerial victories. He was a prewar mechanical engineer who joined the German air service in 1914. He would run his victory tally to 20, downing his final victim using a captured British Sopwith Camel on 20 May 1918. Although Otto Kissenberth survived the war, he died soon after in a mountaineering accident on 2 August 1919.

1. Erich Hartmann is the all time air combat fighter ace. He shot down over 352 enemy fighters in air to air combat and was never shot down once. No other pilot has even come close to his record.

1. Erich Hartmann is the all time air combat fighter ace. He shot down over 352 enemy fighters in air to air combat and was never shot down once. No other pilot has even come close to his record.

Hauptmann Oskar Gustav Rudolf Berthold (24 March 1891 – 15 March 1920), was a German ace of World War I. He shot down 44 enemy planes—16 of them while flying one-handed. He was a very patriotic fighter. His perseverance, bravery, and willingness to return to combat while still wounded made him one of the most famous German pilots of World War I. Postwar, Berthold organized a Freikorps and fought the Bolsheviks in Latvia. He was killed in political street fighting in Hamburg on 15 March 1920.

Hauptmann Oskar Gustav Rudolf Berthold (24 March 1891 – 15 March 1920), was a German ace of World War I. He shot down 44 enemy planes—16 of them while flying one-handed. He was a very patriotic fighter. His perseverance, bravery, and willingness to return to combat while still wounded made him one of the most famous German pilots of World War I. Postwar, Berthold organized a Freikorps and fought the Bolsheviks in Latvia. He was killed in political street fighting in Hamburg on 15 March 1920.

chivalrous (adj) marked by honor, generosity, or courtesy; valiant; good mannered; courteous; polite (appropriate behavior of knights, especially to women)

Surprising Medal of Honor Details

chivalrous (adj) marked by honor, generosity, or courtesy; valiant; good mannered; courteous; polite (appropriate behavior of knights, especially to women)

French ace Rene Fonck (27 March 1894 – 18 June 1953) was a French aviator who ended the First World War as the top Allied fighter ace, and when all succeeding aerial conflicts of the 20th and 21st centuries are also considered, Fonck still holds the title of "all-time Allied Ace of Aces". He received confirmation for 75 victories.

French ace Rene Fonck (27 March 1894 – 18 June 1953) was a French aviator who ended the First World War as the top Allied fighter ace, and when all succeeding aerial conflicts of the 20th and 21st centuries are also considered, Fonck still holds the title of "all-time Allied Ace of Aces". He received confirmation for 75 victories.

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