The Great Migration
The phrase "Jim Crow Law" first appeared in 1904 according to the Dictionary of American English, although there is some evidence of earlier usage. The origin of the phrase "Jim Crow" has often been attributed to "Jump Jim Crow", a song-and-dance caricature of blacks performed by white actor Thomas D. Rice in blackface, which first surfaced in 1832 and was used to satirize Andrew Jackson's populist policies...As a result of Rice's fame, "Jim Crow" had become a pejorative expression meaning negro
A Midcentury Travel Guide for African-American Drivers Navigating Jim Crow
The Negro Motorist Green Book was a guide that helped African-American travelers identify friendly hotels, restaurants, and mechanics when they were on the road. Harlem postal employee and publisher Victor H. Green published the Book annually from 1936 to 1964.
Black Children's Books & Authors
BANISHED | vividly recounts the FORGOTTEN HISTORY OF RACIAL CLEANSING, in America when thousands of African Americas were driven from their homes and communities by violent racist mobs in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. In fear for their lives, black people left these towns and never returned to reclaim their property. The film features black families determined to go to any length to reconstruct their families past and gain some justice for their ancestors and themselves.
Little-known history of America's black cowboys unearthed in documentary, 'The Forgotten Cowboys'
Black cowboys were part of a great migration west of former slaves freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. Their contributions to building America as it expanded into new territories are remembered by African-American cowboys today.
A Century of Negro Migration
A Century of Negro Migration by Carter Godwin Woodson Provocative work by distinguished African-American scholar traces the migration north and westward of southern blacks, from the colonial era through the early 20th century. Documented with information from contemporary newspapers, personal letters, and academic journals, this discerning study vividly recounts decades of harassment and humiliation, hope and achievement.
Lawrence, Jacob, 1917- The Migration of the Negro Panel no. 11 Migration of the Negro: No. 11 Paintings 1940-1941 1940-41 Casein tempera on hardboard tempera on Masonite 18 x 12 in.; 45.72 x 30.48 cm Panel No. 11: In many places, because of the war, food had doubled in price. The Phillips Collection Acquired 1942 African American artists Painting--United States--20th C. A.D The Phillips Collection ARTstor Slide Gallery 1157
: Chicago's Second Generation of Black Migration In their first great migration to Chicago that began during World War I, African Americans came from the South seeking a better life--and fleeing a Jim Crow system of racial prejudice, discrimination, and segregation. The idea and story is similar to one I found in a newspaper article. This represents how someone sacrificed their lives to create new ones somewhere else.
Thousands of African Americans thereafter migrated to the high plains while others drove cattle up the Chisholm Trail or served on remote army outposts. Mormon slave Bridget "Biddy" Mason reached Utah in 1847, gained freedom in California, and in 1872 founded Los Angeles's first black church. The West's black civil rights movement began in San Francisco during the Civil War when women challenged the city's streetcar segregation.
The Great Migration
The Great Migration. At the turn of the century, many Black Americans were in the south working low-paying, difficult agricultural jobs. The south was dangerous, whites did not respect Blacks as free humans worthy of dignity and respect. 50 years later, millions of Black Americans moved to the north or the midwest. Chicago was one of the primary hubs Black African Americans migrated. The start of the big move was actually 1893, and it opened a host of new opportunities for blacks.
COLORED PEOPLE TO KANSAS | Advertising the availability of land in Nicodemus, Graham County, Kansas, encouraging African-American emigration into the state. Some African-American residents of Lexington, Kentucky, were moving to Nicodemus and consolidating themselves with the Nicodemus Town Company. Nicodemus was settled in 1877, and is the only surviving all-black settlement west of the Mississippi that was settled by former slaves during the Exoduster period after the Civil War.