Eledone Cirrhosa (Curled Octopus) can be found all around Europe, from the southern-west coast of Norway down to Greece. Its populations are denser around Great Britain, and in the Adriatic and Balearic Seas. Individuals have been spotted even as north as Iceland, and on that account another name of the Curled Octopus is the Northern Octopus.
This small benthic species can be found on tropical waters (22,8°C – 27,2°C) from the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean Sea, including Florida (most common around the Florida Keys) and the Bahamas on the north down to Panama and Venezuela and Brazil on the south.
North Atlantic Octopus
The North Atlantic Octopus, as its name suggests, is a resident of the Atlantic Ocean. It can be found both in the western Atlantic (from the Florida Straits up to Greenland) and in the eastern Atlantic (from the north of Russia down to Spain). The North Atlantic Octopus is a deep-sea species with a very long brooding period and record-breaking lifespan
The Common Sydney Octopus is the first octopus species to “talk” in front of scientists: observed interactions among members of this species have enabled scientists to decipher some of the meanings of the signaling displayed when octopuses meet. Two sites inhabited by a small concentration of Gloomy Octopuses have been discovered and named Octopolis and Octlandis. Octopolis and Octlandis call our view of the octopus as a completely asocial animal into question.
Glowing Sucker Octopus
The Glowing Sucker Octopus is a deep-sea, rare, and understudied octopus species. Scientists reported that the Glowing Sucker Octopus can produce light for about 5 minutes when constantly stimulated. Stauroteuthis syrtensis is a benthopelagic octopus, meaning that it inhabits the open sea and occurs closer to the bottom of the ocean. Most encounters took place off the continental shelf of eastern North America, but some individuals have also been spotted in the northeastern Atlantic.
Amphitretus pelagicus, as its names suggests, inhabits the open ocean and is found at depths ranging from 150 to 2 km (500 – 6,500 ft) below the sea surface at the meso-bathypelagic zone. Younger individuals are located higher within the water column. It prefers the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. The Telescope Octopus is a rare pelagic species. Little is known about it. It has protruding and tubular eyes which look like telescopes.
The Vent Octopus is the only cephalopod endemic to the hydrothermal vents as far as we know. Being a deep-sea species living in such unique environmental conditions, it makes sense that it would develop many particular physical characteristics to adapt to its habitat.
he Wunderpus Photogenicus, more commonly referred to as the Wunderpus or Wonderpus Octopus has been, and still is to this day, a very attractive subject for photographers. The Wunderpus Octopus occurs in shallow, tropical waters. Individuals have been collected at a depth range from 0.5 to at least 20 meters (66 feet). It can be found from Bali and Sulawesi north to the Philippines and east to Vanuatu.
Big Blue Octopus
Octopus Cyanea is also known by two common names, as The Big Blue Octopus and as The Day Octopus. The first name refers to its appearance, as big blue circles sometimes appear across its skin, whereas the second name has to do with its behavior, as the Day Octopus, unlike most species, is not a nocturnal octopus. This octopus species inhabits warm and shallow waters and it is famous for its amazing camouflage techniques.
Dumbo Octopus — Facts About This Amazing Species
The Dumbo Octopus is one of those sea creatures, which even if you have never seen one, invokes images of cuteness. After all, any animal named after a beloved cartoon character is bound to be high on the cuteness scale. The feature that gives dumbo octopuses their classic look is composed of two fins located on the sides of their heads. These fins can look like large ears. Some might say like those of a fictional flying elephant.
From all 300 octopus’ species, this is most probably the cutest one you’ve ever seen. That’ s why the Flapjack Octopus has inspired so many toy makers and you can nowadays find children items in the market featuring this little orange or yellow fellow, ranging from soft toys to plush hats. The most notorious Flapjack Octopus is the fictional character of Pearl, an octopus in the ‘Finding Nemo’ movie.
The Football Octopus is also known as the Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus. Its scientific name is Ocythoe tuberculata and it is the only member of the family Ocythoidae. There are two main reasons why the Football Octopus is considered unique. First, it is equipped with a swimbladder and second, the eggs of the females hatch internally.
As the Ghost Octopus is a newly-found species, discovered as recently as 2016, not much is known about it. Since no specimens have been collected yet, the only data available to scientists come from the live footage recorded by a submarine probe and some observations from other sightings. This terrific creature was found at a depth of 4,290 metres, lying on the ocean floor. The Ghost Octopus is an octopus unlike any one seen before, and it was named thus due its milky white appearance.
The Glass Octopus is one of the two species belonging to the genus Vitreledonella. It was initially referred to by Louis Joubin, the French naturalist in honor of whom the Atlantic Pygmy Octopus got its scientific name Octopus Joubini It is considered one of the least studied cephalopods. What distinguishes these octopus from all other octopus species is the fact that they only possess a single row of suckers on their arms, with the suckers widely separated from each other.
Larger Pacific Striped Octopus
The Larger Pacific Striped Octopus, together with its close relative, Octopus chierchiae, or more commonly known as the Lesser Pacific Striped Octopus, are considered “harlequin” octopuses due to their appearance. They have semi-permanent stripes and spots that make them look like a funny half-zebra-half-leopard kind of animal. The stripes and spots pattern is one of the three usual body patterns of the Larger Pacific Striped Octopus, with the other two being either all pale or all dark brown.
The Maori Octopus
This species is most commonly found in Southern Australia and the temperate, subarctic regions of New Zealand. It is the biggest species of the Octopus Macropus family. It is a benthic species which occurs in shallow subtidal habitats. The Maori Octopus is a notorious bully. It has been characterized as an aggressive species, which not only cannibalizes other members of the same species and their eggs, but can attack even members of other, bigger-sized species.
Southern Sand Octopus
The Southern Sand Octopus, however, has evolved another fascinating hiding mechanism. It is able to burry itself in the sand in order to hide. Octopus kaurna is a recently discovered octopus species endemic to the temperate waters of south-eastern Australia. More specifically, it can be found from eastern Victoria and Northern Tasmania west to the Great Australian Bight. It is a shallow water, inshore species living on sand bottom and among seagrass, at depths from zero to 49 meters.
Atlantic White-spotted Octopus
Callistoctopus Macropus, commonly known as the Atlantic White-spotted octopus, or white-spotted octopus, or Grass octopus or Grass scuttle, was first described by naturalist Joseph Antoine Risso in 1826. The Atlantic white-spotted octopus is an entirely nocturnal species. The most distinctive characteristic of Callistoctopus macropus is the red color of its body along with the white spots.
Caribbean Armstripe Octopus
The Caribbean Armstripe Octopus was first described in 1950 by teuthologist Gilbert L. Voss based upon a single immature female specimen. Its scientific name derives from the person who collected the specimen whose last name was Burry. Octopus burryi, otherwise known as the Caribbean Armstripe Octopus or simply Brownstriped Octopus still remains a rare octopus species, mostly notorious thanks to its amazing ability to be completely buried in the sand in less than three seconds.
The Algae Octopus is a small-sized octopus which can form extremely complex skin patterns while camouflaging. Despite the fact that this species is relatively small and very good at hiding, it inhabits warm intertidal waters which are easily accessed by scientists who have made a lot of observations regarding its behaviour and external characteristics. Unlike most octopus species and similarly to the Day Octopus, the Algae Octopus is more active during the day.
Even though there are references to the Argonaut Octopus dating from Ancient Greece, this species is still considered a very big enigma as little is known about the Argonaut behaviour, physical characteristics, and its distribution. What makes the Argonaut species truly unique is that, unlike other octopus species that crawl on the sea floor, the Argonauts drift near the surface of the sea, using their shells.
Atlantic Pygmy Octopus
Also known as the Dwarf Octopus or the small-egg Caribbean Pygmy, the Atlantic Pygmy Octopus is often misclassified by some as the smallest octopus species. It was initially discovered and described by the British zoologist Guy Coburn Robson who collected the first female specimen (housed in the collections of the British Museum) in 1929 at St. Thomas, Virgin Islands. It was named in honor of the French naturalist Louis Joubin (1861-1935), a researcher of cephalopods.