The 2nd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles on patrol in South Africa, February – March 1902. Note the rather bedraggled appearance of some of the Stetsons, the Orndorff bandoliers, and Mark 1 Lee-Enfield rifles.

The 2nd Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles on patrol in South Africa, February – March 1902. Note the rather bedraggled appearance of some of the Stetsons, the Orndorff bandoliers, and Mark 1 Lee-Enfield rifles.

Boer War Picture, Sergeant Arthur H.L. Richardson, Strathcona's Horse, winner of the Victoria Cross for bravery at Wolve Spruit, 5 July 1900...

Boer War Picture, Sergeant Arthur H.L. Richardson, Strathcona's Horse, winner of the Victoria Cross for bravery at Wolve Spruit, 5 July 1900...

Two dismounted troopers from the 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles in conversation on the South African veldt, their Stetsons showing signs of wear. Their dress is adapted to the conditions of service on the veldt and shows the Western-Canadian influence.

Two dismounted troopers from the 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles in conversation on the South African veldt, their Stetsons showing signs of wear. Their dress is adapted to the conditions of service on the veldt and shows the Western-Canadian influence.

Except for Canada's First Contingent, which wore cork helmets, the Stetson was issued to all Canadian units sent to South Africa. It became the piece of uniform most readily identified with Canadians, and served to distinguish them from other imperial troops serving in the British Army in South Africa.

Except for Canada's First Contingent, which wore cork helmets, the Stetson was issued to all Canadian units sent to South Africa. It became the piece of uniform most readily identified with Canadians, and served to distinguish them from other imperial troops serving in the British Army in South Africa.

Lieutenant-Colonel Sam Steele, Commanding Officer of Strathcona’s Horse in South Africa, April 1900 — January 1901, and of "B" Division, South African Constabulary, April 1901 — April 1906. Here he wears the uniform of Strathcona’s Horse.

Lieutenant-Colonel Sam Steele, Commanding Officer of Strathcona’s Horse in South Africa, April 1900 — January 1901, and of "B" Division, South African Constabulary, April 1901 — April 1906. Here he wears the uniform of Strathcona’s Horse.

Right Section, “E” Battery, Royal Canadian Field Artillery. April — May 1900, grouped around their two 12-pounder guns. Although the men of the RCFA had been issued with Stetson hats in Canada, many took up the cork helmet during their service in South Africa, creating a mixture of the two types of headwear in the unit.

Right Section, “E” Battery, Royal Canadian Field Artillery. April — May 1900, grouped around their two 12-pounder guns. Although the men of the RCFA had been issued with Stetson hats in Canada, many took up the cork helmet during their service in South Africa, creating a mixture of the two types of headwear in the unit.

Trooper, Strathcona’s Horse in South Africa. This image strikingly shows why Strathcona’s Horse, perhaps more than any other unit in South Africa, became identified with the popular image of the Canadian cowboy.

Trooper, Strathcona’s Horse in South Africa. This image strikingly shows why Strathcona’s Horse, perhaps more than any other unit in South Africa, became identified with the popular image of the Canadian cowboy.

The 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry crosses the Modder River at Paardeberg Drift on 18 February 1900 to begin the assault on the Boer positions down-river to the east (or right — out of the range of the picture).

The 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, Royal Canadian Regiment of Infantry crosses the Modder River at Paardeberg Drift on 18 February 1900 to begin the assault on the Boer positions down-river to the east (or right — out of the range of the picture).

Mounted medical orderly and regimental transport of 2 RCRI on the move.

Mounted medical orderly and regimental transport of 2 RCRI on the move.

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