Lesotho: The Basotho women’s art of house decoration: Litema (pronounced as “di-the-ma”) In contemporary times the practice of Litema appears to be seasonal, associated with special events such as celebrations and religious ceremonies. It not only announces births, deaths, weddings or the arrival of Christmas and Easter, but also serves as a reminder of the passage of time.
Xhosa huts at the Lesedi Cultural Village. The Xhosa nation used to build bee-hive shaped huts made of grass, similar to that of the Zulu nation, but with the influence of the early Europeans the huts changed to more permanent conical roofed huts with mud walls. The walls are decorated with whitewash and colorful natural paints.
The Basotho hut is slowly, but surely, being nudged out of the Lesotho landscape in South Africa by modern construction. With a roof of strong grass that lasts 20 to 30 years it keeps the inside cool during summer and traps heat during winter without a drop of water seeping through. This house is part of the Basotho Cultural Village where homes from the sixteenth century are displayed. Discover more at www.naturalhomes.org
Basotho shepherds. For the record, there is no such thing as a Lesothan. A single person from Lesotho is Mosotho. Two or more of them are Basotho. They all speak Sesotho (or Sotho). They live in Lesotho. (Lesotho, Southern Africa)