Though Wood Betony (Stachys officinalis) is less common in today’s apothecaries, it was one of Old World Europe’s most revered herbs. There are colloquialisms about it’s value and virtues from a variety of European cultures; from Spain, “He has as many virtues as Betony”, Italy, “Sell your coat and buy Betony,” and from colonial American herbalist John Sauer,“There is no illness brought by cold in which betony cannot be administered effectively."
Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) is an herb of the world! Native to Europe and Asia, but with a naturalized domain widespread enough to include every continent, it grows wild and abundantly in sunny places with disturbed soil—no stranger to cracks in city sidewalks, fields, forests, coastal habitats, and gardens.
In the Western world, Lavandula angustifolia is one of those adored household-name herbs. We need not look farther than the local grocery store to find the familiarly intoxicating scent in nearly everything, from laundry detergent to body lotion. Many know that Lavender has relaxing qualities, but this herb offers us much varied, expansive medicine.