Farms burning courtesy of the British scorched earth policy. Destroying the Boer's homes, starving their women and children in concentration camps in an attempt to break their resolve

Farms burning courtesy of the British scorched earth policy. Destroying the Boer's homes, starving their women and children in concentration camps in an attempt to break their resolve

Here Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, as Pasha, i.e. British C-in-C of the Egyptian Army.Kitchener won fame in 1898 for winning the Battle of Omdurman and securing control of the Sudan.At the beginning of WWI, as Secretary of War, he organized "Kitchener's Army," the largest volunteer army in modern history.Kitchener was killed in 1916 when the warship taking him to negotiations in Russia was sunk by a German mine.

Lord Kitchener as Sirdar , 1892 - 1898 [[MORE]] taken from the Imperial War Museums collections Lord Kitchener of Khartoum, who led the Anglo-Egyptian army to victory against the Dervishes at Omdurman (with the last major British cavalry charge, in.

During the 19th century, Egypt and Sudan were considered strategic regions for imperial powers in terms of continental and possible global control. In 1875, Britain bought Egypt's shares in the Suez Canal for £4 million, making them the largest shareholder and safeguarding the water route to India.  While Britain held these until 1956, this strategic move marked the beginning of imperial Britain's control over Egypt.

How the British Screwed Up the Middle East, in 10 Classic Cartoons

By 1876, Egypt's ruler, the Khedive Ismail Pasha had run up debts of about £100 million, in spite of Egypt's sale of its holdings in the Suez Canal to Britain in 1875. As a result, he was forced to accept Anglo-French control of his treasury, customs, post offices, railways and ports.   Following riots in Alexandria, heightened tensions and the rise of a nationalist movement led by Ahmad Pasha Al-misri, Britain ordered the bombardment of Alexandria which led to the Anglo-Egyptian War of 1882

A cartoon skewers British imperialism in the Middle East. The current tumult in the region today is a direct result of the arbitrary boundaries and divide-and-rule tactics employed by the imperial British and French.

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