Christiaan Rudolf de Wet (7 Oct 1854 – 3 Feb 1922) was a Boer general, rebel leader and politician. De Wet served in the first Anglo-Boer War of 1880–81 as a Field Cornet, taking part in the Battle of Majuba Mountain, in which the Boers achieved a victory over the British forces under Major General Sir George Pomeroy Colley. He continued his successful career to the end of the Second Boer war, striking heavily where he could and evading every attempt to bring him to bay.
Determined, not to loose a second conflict, the British began to employ draconian methods against the civilian population.These included the first widespread modern use of concentration camps for a civilians. At first the British slaughtered livestock and burned the farms of any Boer family suspected of aiding the Boer military, however, it soon turned into the forced removal and concentration of Boer women and children into detention camps.
Lizzie van Zyl, a Boer girl, who died in the British Bloemfontein concentration camp in South Africa during the 2nd Boer War (1899-1902). It was estimated that 27,927 Boer (of whom 22,074 were children under 16) and 14,154 black Africans died of starvation, disease and exposure in these camps preceding the Nazi ones by 37 years. The British used deportation to the camps as a weapon against Boer guerrillas.