Top 10 Famous Pieces of Art Stolen by the Nazis
Famous Pieces of Art Stolen by Nazis 8. Portrait of Dr. Gachet Artist: Vincent van Gogh. In 1933, the famous Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh was put on Hitler’s list of “degenerate artists.” Many of van Gogh’s most famous pieces of art were stolen from their owners and displayed in mock museums. One of these paintings was the famous Portrait of Dr. Gachet.
Stilles Meer - Emil Nolde 1936. Pioneer of German Expressionism, the painter Emil Hansen changed his surname to the name of his birth place, Nolde. His paintings were removed from museums in 1935 and about thirty of them were included in the Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) exhibition in 1937
Artist and Studio
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Self-Portrait with Erna, 1922. MFA, Boston. Kirchner (1880–1938) was a German expressionist painter and printmaker and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or “The Bridge”, a key group leading to the foundation of Expressionism in 20th-century art. He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. In 1933, his work was branded as “degenerate” by the Nazis and in 1937 over 600 of
Otto Dix-When the Nazis came to power in Germany, they regarded Dix as a degenerate artist and had him sacked from his post as an art teacher at the Dresden Academy. He later moved to Lake Constance in the southwest of Germany. Dix's paintings The Trench and War cripples were exhibited in the state-sponsored Munich 1937 exhibition of degenerate art, Entartete Kunst. They were later burned.