Vredefort Dome, approximately 120 km south-west of Johannesburg, is a representative part of a larger meteorite impact structure, or astrobleme. Dating back 2,023 million years, it is the oldest astrobleme yet found on Earth. With a radius of 190 km, it is also the largest and the most deeply eroded. Vredefort Dome bears witness to the world’s greatest known single energy release event, which had devastating global effects including, according to some scientists, major evolutionary changes.

Vredefort Dome, approximately 120 km south-west of Johannesburg, is a representative part of a larger meteorite impact structure, or astrobleme. Dating back 2,023 million years, it is the oldest astrobleme yet found on Earth. With a radius of 190 km, it is also the largest and the most deeply eroded. Vredefort Dome bears witness to the world’s greatest known single energy release event, which had devastating global effects including, according to some scientists, major evolutionary changes.

Children play next to a statue of Nelson Mandela which overlooks the city of Bloemfontein, the birthplace of the ANC

Children play next to a statue of Nelson Mandela which overlooks the city of Bloemfontein, the birthplace of the ANC

The National Women's Memorial in honour of the somewhat 30 000 women and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo Boer War, mostly due to neglect and starvation. Bloemfontein, South Africa

The National Women's Memorial in honour of the somewhat 30 000 women and children who died in concentration camps during the Anglo Boer War, mostly due to neglect and starvation. Bloemfontein, South Africa

Boer War Memorial, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa  -  Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin

Boer War Memorial, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa - Travel Photos by Galen R Frysinger, Sheboygan, Wisconsin

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