Nietzsche, Basel'de, 1875. Alman filolog, filozof, kültür eleştirmeni, şair ve besteci. Din, ahlak, modern kültür, felsefe ve bilim üzerine metafor, ironi ve aforizma dolu bir üslupla eleştirel yazılar yazmıştır. Nietzsche'nin kilit fikirlerini Apollon-Dionysos ikiliği, perspektivizm, Güç İstenci, "Tanrının ölümü", Üstinsan ve bengi dönüş oluşturur.
Henri Bergson, a French philosopher who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until World War II. Bergson is known for his influential arguments that processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism.
René Descartes, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist. Dubbed the father of modern western philosophy, much of subsequent Western philosophy is a response to his writings, which are studied closely to this day. Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy continues to be a standard text at most university philosophy departments. Descartes' influence in mathematics is equally apparent; the Cartesian coordinate system was named after him.
Martin Heidegger, German philosopher and a formative thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics (branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation). Heidegger is best known for his contributions to phenomenology and existentialism, though "his thinking should be identified as part of such philosophical movements only with extreme care and qualification". (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
John Stuart Mill, British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. One of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism, he contributed widely to social theory, political theory and political economy. Dubbed "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century", Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state and social control.
Friedrich Hegel: German philosopher and an important figure of German idealism. He achieved wide renown in his day and, while primarily influential within the continental tradition of philosophy, has become increasingly influential in the analytic tradition as well. Although Hegel remains a divisive figure, his canonical stature within Western philosophy is universally recognized. His philosophy of spirit conceptually integrates psychology, the state, history, art, religion and philosophy.
Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher. By laying the groundwork for the 18th-century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, including modern conceptions of the self and the universe, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy. Spinoza's magnum opus, Ethics, was published posthumously in 1677. The work opposed Descartes' philosophy on mind–body dualism, and earned Spinoza recognition as one of Western philosophy's most important thinkers.
Confucius (551/479 BC), Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasised personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
John Locke, English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism". Considered one of the first of the British empiricists (a theory that states that knowledge comes only or primarily from sensory experience), following the tradition of Sir Francis Bacon, he is equally important to social contract theory.
George Berkeley, Irish philosopher whose primary achievement was the advancement of a theory he called "immaterialism" This theory denies the existence of material substance and instead contends that familiar objects like tables and chairs are only ideas in the minds of perceivers and cannot exist without being perceived. Berkeley is also known for his critique of abstraction, an important premise in his argument for immaterialism.
Henri Bergson: French philosopher who was influential in the tradition of continental philosophy, especially during the first half of the 20th century until World War II. Bergson is known for his influential arguments that processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism.
Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860), deutscher Philosoph des 19. Jahrhunderts, war ein großer Skeptiker in Bezug auf die menschliche Vernunft und die ganze conditio humana: "Was aber die Leute gemeiniglich das Schicksal nennen, sind meistens nur ihre eigenen dummen Streiche." #TuesdayThoughts #zitat #zitate #zitatdestages #quote #quotes #philosophie #literatur #wissenschaft #gesellschaft #politik #braintertainment
Galileo, Galileo Galilei, Galile, Galileo Hayatı, Galileo Galilei Kimdir?
Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642) Adı 17. yüzyıl bilimsel devrimi ile birlikte anılan en önemli bilim adamlarından birisi olan Galileo (1564-1642), fizik, matematik ve astronomi gibi konularda çığır açan çalışmalar yapmış ve ilgisi daha çok hareket üzerinde yoğunlaşmıştı. Galileo Galilei İtalyan fizikçi, matematikçi, gökbilimci ve filozoftur.