Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror and mother of Henry I, the first woman to be crowned Queen of England, was born in 1031. Her father, Baldwin V, was the Count of Flanders, and her mother Adela, was a daughter Robert II the Pious Capet, King of France. Statue is located in the Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris, France.
William the Conqueror, King of England (1028-1087)-The descendant of Viking raiders, he had been Duke of Normandy since 1035 under the style William II. After a long struggle to establish his power, by 1060 his hold on Normandy was secure, and he launched the Norman conquest of England in 1066. The rest of his life was marked by struggles to consolidate his hold over England and his continental lands and by difficulties with his eldest son.