On Aug. 22 1843, a national convention of black men was held in Buffalo, NY. Minister and Freedom Fighter Henry Highland Garnet delivers his famous “Call to Rebellion” speech. He calls on slaves to not wait to sway their masters to end slavery, but to rise up against them in rebellion. Other activist such as Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison denounce his speech as radical.
William Lloyd Garrison / Garrison was an uncompromising and outspoken critic of slavery and hypocrisy, who was especially critical of church complicity with slavery, not only in the South but in the North.
Sisters Sarah Grimke and Angelina Grimke Weld were unlikely abolitionists, growing up to slave-holding parents splitting time between a stately townhouse in Charleston and a plantation in Beaufort. After the Civil War, they also took up activism for women's rights.