Chinese Empire, Xin Dynasty, Wang Mang (9-23 AD), Spade Money Big Pu (Value 1000), after 10 AD. Wang Mang's spade coins had face values from 200 to 1000 copper coins. This piece bears the inscription "one spade worth 1000" – meaning 1000 round copper coins, the so-called wu shu.
The most common form of money from the Wang Mang era is the huo quan (货泉) which exists in many varieties, sizes and weights. The smallest specimens can weigh less than 2 g while the heaviest can weigh 10-20 grams or more.The example at the left is one of the rarer varieties. It has four lines extending from the corners of the hole to the rim which the Chinese refer to as si chu (四出). (diameter: 26.8 mm, weight: 4.2 g
14-18 AD: A Chinese woman Lu Mu (Mother Lu) led a rebellion against Wang Mang dinasty. When her son, Lu Yu, was executed for not collecting taxes from the peasants, she began a peasant rebellion against Wang Mang.