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The Xin Dynasty (新朝) literally "New Dynasty") was a Chinese dynasty (although strictly speaking it had only one emperor) which lasted from AD 9 to 23. It followed the Western Han Dynasty and preceded the Eastern Han Dynasty. The sole emperor of the Xin Dynasty, Wang Mang (王莽), was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. fter the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. and finally proclaimed himself emperor.

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Nice bronze Huo Quan cash of King Wang Mang (9-23 AD), Empire of China (H#9.46)

During the Shang dynasty, about 5% of the population was enslaved. During the Qin dynasty, male slaves were forced to labor on projects like the Terracotta Army. Some slaves were convicts. Emperor Wang Mang banned slavery, but this was repealed after his death. During the Tang Dynasty, there was a shortage of women, which resulted in trade with Koreans for women. During the Ming dynasty, Slavery was abolished but still practiced. Slavery was abolished in China in 1910.

Xin Dynasty, Emperor Wang Mang, AE 50 Cash, 7-23. Da Quan Wu Shi (4.24g)

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18a. Obverse side of a Bu Quan (布泉 or "Spade coin"), cast from AD 9-14 by Han Dynasty usurper Wang Mang who created the Xin Dynasty (7-23 AD). The coinage was too complex and people did not trust it. 26mm in size; 3+ gram3 in weight. S-175. This coin was known later as the Nan Qian (男錢; "Male Cash"), from the belief that if a woman wore this on her sash, she would give birth to a boy. Eventually, Wang Mang's unsuccessful reforms provoked an uprising, and he was killed by rebels in AD 23.

18b. Reverse side of a Bu Quan (布泉 or "Spade coin"), cast from AD 9-14 by Han Dynasty usurper Wang Mang who created the Xin Dynasty (7-23 AD). The coinage was too complex and people did not trust it. 26mm in size; 3+ gram3 in weight. S-175. This coin was known later as the Nan Qian (男錢; "Male Cash"), from the belief that if a woman wore this on her sash, she would give birth to a boy. Eventually, Wang Mang's unsuccessful reforms provoked an uprising, and he was killed by rebels in AD…

from nenuno creative

Digital Paintings by Wang Ling

Concept Art by Wang Ling. It looks like a soldier, promising to protect the princess.

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Chinese Empire, Xin Dynasty, Wang Mang (9-23 AD), Spade Money Big Pu (Value 1000), after 10 AD. Wang Mang's spade coins had face values from 200 to 1000 copper coins. This piece bears the inscription "one spade worth 1000" – meaning 1000 round copper coins, the so-called wu shu.

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Han dynasty - coin Wang Mang 9-23 CE

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19a. Obverse side of a Bu Quan (布泉 or "Spade coin"), cast from AD 9-14 by Han Dynasty usurper Wang Mang who created the Xin Dynasty (7-23 AD). The coinage was too complex and people did not trust it. 26mm in size; 3+ gram3 in weight. S-175. This coin was known later as the Nan Qian (男錢; "Male Cash"), from the belief that if a woman wore this on her sash, she would give birth to a boy. Eventually, Wang Mang's unsuccessful reforms provoked an uprising, and he was killed by rebels in AD 23.