After the passage of the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act in 1919, the making and selling of alcohol was illegal. This federal policeman uses a pickax to destroy a rum-runner's cargo in San Francisco during Prohibition.
The Prohibition was started in 1920, and lasted until 1933. Because of the many bootleggers became popular. Also so did "speak easies" or hidden bars. Because of the Prohibition the mob started in America which consisted of smuggling alcohol. It slowly died away when it was started.
PROHIBITION | Social movements spawned by the Progressive Era lead to the Volstead Act. Women saw alcohol as the eroding factor in the family unit. The amendment worked at first but enforcement proved difficult. Open rebellion became popular and gave rise to violence and organized crime. Gangsters like Al Capone rose up from prohibition by giving the people what they wanted: alcohol.
Eliot Ness was a Prohibition agent who headed a team of agents that the media nicknamed The Untouchables. Him and his team were famous for taking down Al Capone (on charges of tax evasion and violations of the Volstead Act). Later, he ran for mayor of Cleveland and failed miserably in the polls–at least he looked damn fabulous while doing it.
Letter concerning the transportation of liquor from California to Washington. Record Group 56 Records of the Department of Justice, Bureau of Prohibition National Archives and Records Administration ARC Identifier: 298430