A thaumatrope was a hugely popular toy in Victorian times, a kind of old-school stop motion trick, or an old-school show with only one channel. With the wonder of persistence of vision, a bird magically transported into a cage with just a twirl of a string.
1860 British Gyroscope at the Victoria and Albert Museum of Childhood, London - From the curators' comments: "The Victorian era was a time when the study of science was greatly encouraged. Toys that were also educational, such as this gyroscopic top, were very popular. Gyroscopes were used as balance levels in airplanes and submarines."