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Turkish War of Independence Begins • 19 May 1919

Recapture of Smyrna (now called "Izmir") from Greece (it was a dependent zone under Greek rule for a few years) by the Turkish Army.


Independence Medal -Species Gallantry Medal Issue reason Turkish War of Independence 'is given due to everyone who participated in the heroic War Turkish War of Independence The first administration of the November 21, 1923

Portret of Demirci Mehmet Efe (1883-1961), from Pirlibey köyü, near Nazilli (Prov. Aydın). Picture taken ca. 1922. He was a prominent member of the ‘Kuva-yi Milliye’ (Nationalist Forces, which refers to the irregular Turkish militia forces in the early period of the Turkish War of Independence).