Portret of Demirci Mehmet Efe (1883-1961), from Pirlibey köyü, near Nazilli (Prov. Aydın). Picture taken ca. 1922. He was a prominent member of the ‘Kuva-yi Milliye’ (Nationalist Forces, which refers to the irregular Turkish militia forces in the early period of the Turkish War of Independence).
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 (conventional) – 10 November 1938) - Turkish army officer, revolutionary, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. His surname, Atatürk (meaning "Father of the Turks"), was granted to him in 1934 and forbidden to any other person by the Turkish parliament. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish National Movement in the Turkish War of Independence.
Medal for the Turkish War of 1828-1829, possibly a Collector’s copy, instituted on 1 October 1829 by Tsar Nicholas I to commemorate the end of the war of 1828-1829 with Turkey and was awarded to all ranks of the Imperial army and navy who had participated in the war. Ottoman Turkey was weakened by defeat in the Greek war of independence and especially by the destruction of the Turkish fleet at Navarino in 1827 by forces including Russian ships.