Chinese Export Silver: The 19th-Century Phenomenon Equivalent to the iPad! The Chinese have always had the ability to absorb innovations and employ them in their own arts and technologies but they rarely allowed their own discoveries out of China. This changed with 1842 Treaty of Nanking, benefiting both China and the West. At the same time as Wang Hing & Company produced his rosewater sprinkler for the European or American market, it was able to create it for India and the Middle East.
The Shanghai International Settlement originated following the defeat of Qing dynasty China by the British Empire in the First Opium War (1839–1842) and the subsequent signature of the Treaty of Nanking.