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The Treaty of Nanking (or Nanjing) was signed on 29 August 1842 to mark the end of the First Opium War (1839–42) between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Qing Dynasty of China. It was the first of what the Chinese called the unequal treaties because Britain had no obligations in return.


Imperialism: Western Penetration of China: Reading & Questions (Imperialism)

Western Penetration of China: Reading & Questions (Imperialism) Your students will be able to understand foreign influence in China during the era of Imperialism with this engaging reading and review questions worksheet. Topics include: First Opium War Treaty of Nanking, 1842 Second Opium War Treaties of Tientsin and Peking Imperialist Pressure “Open Door Policy” Boxer Rebellion


This is a painting of the signing of the 'Treaty of Nanking' which ended the first Opium War.

Treaty of Nanking, 1842. The opium war between the British and the Chinese lasted between 1839 and ended with the treaty in 1842 between Queen Victoria and the Chinese Emperor Daoguang.


This is a real photo of the Treaty of Nanjing. Qing government signed this unfair treaty in order to stop the Opium War. In this treaty, Qing government agreed to secede Hong Kong to Britain, and opened the trade along the coastal border of China and also gave Britain a really high compensation. This action caused China became separate and had no enough money.

1842 Treaty of Nanking medal. On 29 August 1842, British representative Sir Henry Pottinger and Qing representatives, Qiying, Yilibu, and Niujian, signed the treaty. It consisted of thirteen articles and ratification by Queen Victoria and the Daoguang Emperor was exchanged nine months later. The fundamental purpose of the treaty was to change the framework of foreign trade which had been in force since 1760 (Canton System).