Menopause is defined as the state of an absence of menstrual periods for 12 months. The menopausal transition starts with varying menstrual cycle length and ends with the final menstrual period. Perimenopause is a term sometimes used and means "the time around menopause." It is often used to refer to the menopausal transitional period. It is not officially a medical term, but is sometimes used to explain certain aspects of the menopause transition in lay terms. "Pos...
Know about Bladder Cancer The bladder is a hollow, muscular, balloon-like organ that collects and stores urine. #Cancer that forms in tissues of the bladder. Most bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas (cancer that begins in cells that normally make up the inner lining of the #bladder). For more detail, visit our website link : http://www.dhrc.in/ #bladdercancer #cancertreatment Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre
The bladder is part of your urinary system. An important job of the urinary system is to filter waste products from your blood and then, once produced, transport the waste products or urine out of your body. The diagram below shows the organs of the urinary system. Most of the urinary tract is lined with a special layer of cells called transitional cells.
2nd most common GU cancer, M>W, mean age 65yo, RF: cigarette smoking (60%), industrial dyes or solvents (15%), arsenic exposure, chronic cystitis, schistosomiasis, radiation, and cyclophosphamide use. Transitional cell carcinoma most common type. Gross, painless hematuria. Dx: cystourethrosopy, urine cytology, and CT with urography or IVP with renal ultrasound. Tx: resection of visible tumor for superficial cancer/radical cystectomy and chemotherapy.