On 9 Thermidor, Year 2 (July Robespierre was shouted down during a speech shortly after which he was executed by means of the notorious guillotine, thus beginning the reactionary phase of the French Rev., properly named the Thermidorian Reaction.
Merveilleuses - Women who took the new fashion styles to the extreme during the Directoire period. The styles they wore were based on ancient Greek forms. It included sheer fabric (maybe with no undergarments on) and exaggerated caps (jockey hats).
Le Directoire - Le Conseil des 500. After the Thermidorian Reaction, an executive council known as the Directory assumed control of the French state in 1795. The rule of the Directory was characterized by suspended elections, debt repudiations, financial instability, persecutions against the Catholic clergy, and significant military conquests abroad.
Following the fall of the Robespierres in the July 1794 Thermidorian Reaction, Bonaparte was put under house arrest at Nice for his association with the brothers.[note 5] He was released within two weeks and due to his technical skills was asked to draw-up plans to attack Italian positions in the context of France's war with Austria. He also took part in an expedition to take back Corsica from the British, but the French were repulsed by the Royal Navy.