Very Rare WWII Enigma Cipher Machine. This highly important three-rotor Enigma deciphering machine was used by the Nazis during World War II. It is believed that acquisition of an Enigma, and the subsequent deciphering of the German codes by the Allies, shortened the war in Europe by at least two years. Examples of Enigma machines are exceptionally rare and almost all known models are in museums.
Young Alan Turing (age 16) - founder of computer science, helped win World War II by decrypting the german coding machine Enigma. After the war he was tried in court for being gay, found guilty, forced to take castration pills, and then driven to commit suicide.
World War 1 - 100 years ago, British and German soldiers put down their weapons, walked out into the desolation of "No-Man’s Land" and shook hands. The cause was the Christmas Cease Fire of 1914. In a moment unique to the First World War, troops were given a moment of respite from the horrors of the war when soldiers exchanged gifts, looked at each others’ family photographs and played friendly games of football with the enemy.