The title of emperor was passed through successors. While teaching history we should familiarize ourselves with the political systems of Rome. We should appreciate the complexity and evolution of the systems that held Rome together for such a long time. More
The Empress Dowager Cixi rose from the position of concubine to become the most powerful woman in China, in a reign that lasted 47 years – from 1861 to 1908. Seen here as a young woman, Cixi had the good fortune to bear the Xianfeng Emperor’s only male heir. After the death of the Emperor, Cixi ruled through her son, who was only five years old when his father died. Then, when the boy Emperor himself died at an early age, Cixi installed her nephew to the throne and ruled through him.
Bahadur Shah II, last Mughal Emperor of India (1838-1857). Painted by August Schoefft in 1854. Shah II was the last Mughal emperor and a member of the Timurid Dynasty. After his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British tried and then exiled him from Delhi and sent him to Rangoon in then-British-controlled Desi.