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* Can help improve #joint function and mobility. * A prescription arthritis product in Europe. * Highly absorbable form of Glucosamine. * Basic building block for cartilage, synovial fluid, and other connective tissues.

Mullein root to facilitate "proper alignment". It may be that there are broken bones I need to be sure line up, or it could be a spinal misalignment. These are applications I picked up from Matthew Wood, though he uses Mullein leaves, saying, “It has a moistening, lubricating effect on the synovial membranes… so that it is hydrating to the spine and joints. It is often indicated in back injuries. People think they are untreatable and incurable, but an increase the synovial fluids will make…


Major fluid compartments. Intracellular fluid (ICF) is fluid within cells. Extracellular fluid (ECF) is fluid outside of cells. The ECF includes interstitial fluid surrounding the cells, and plasma, the fluid component of blood. (In addition, specialized ECF includes synovial fluid, CSF, aqueous fluid in the eye, and some specialized GI secretions.) Fluid continually moves between the major compartments.


Joint aspiration - MedlinePlus - "Synovial fluid analysis is a series of tests performed on synovial (joint) fluid to help diagnose and treat joint-related abnormalities. To obtain a synovial fluid sample, a needle is inserted into the knee between the joint space. When the needle is in place the synovial fluid is then withdrawn. The sample is sent to the lab for analysis."

SYNOVIAL JOINT ➡ aka diarthrosis is most common & most movable type of joint. As with most joints, synovial joints achieve movement @ point of contact of articulating bones. The main structural differences between synovial and fibrous joints are the existence of capsules surrounding the articulating surfaces of a synovial joint and the presence of lubricating synovial fluid within those capsules (synovial cavities).


Isolation and detection of Borrelia burgdorferi DNA from cerebral spinal fluid, synovial fluid, blood, urine, and ticks using the Roche MagNA Pure system and real-time PCR