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Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a very rare, life-threatening gastro-vascular disorder characterized by a compression of the third portion of the duodenum by the abdominal aorta (AA) and the overlying superior mesenteric artery.

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Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome - Occurs in patients with decreased mesenteric fat (low body weight, weight loss, burns, bed rest)

Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (SMA syndrome)/Wilkie's Syndrome Research Article--Internet Scientific Publications