Sumerian ("native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) from at least the 4th millennium BC. During the 3rd millennium BC, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.
In Assyrian and Babylonian mythology, Pazuzu is often depicted as a combination of diverse animal and human parts. He has the body of a man, the head of a lion or dog, eagle-like taloned feet, two pairs of wings, a scorpion's tail, and a serpentine penis. He is often depicted with his right hand pointing upward to paradise, reward for good and left hand pointing down to the underworld, a deterrent for an evil life.
Darius the Great (550–486 BCE) Under his reign, the Persian Empire reached the pinnacle of its power and the fullest extent of its size. His domain consisted of over 40 different ethnic tribes, and stretched from India to the Balkans covering almost three million square miles .
Recently Destroyed 7th* Century BC Assyrian Statue, Photo c1850 Photo from the mid-9th c excavation of the colossal statues at the Nergal Gate of the ancient city of Nineveh. One of two winged bull-men (aka lamassu) that guarded one of the entrances to Nineveh dated to the time of King Sennacherib*. Named for the Mesopotamian god Nergal, the gate was possibly used for ceremonial purposes since it is the only known gate flanked by sculptures of winged bull-men. Believed to be protective…