The group A streptococcus bacterium (Streptococcus pyogenes, or GAS) is a form of β-hemolytic Streptococcus bacteria responsible for most cases of streptococcal illness. Other types (B, C, D, and G) may also cause infection. Several virulence factors contribute to the pathogenesis of GAS, such as M protein, hemolysins, and extracellular enzymes.
PANDAS Pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Streptococcal infections (PANDAS) describes a hypothesis that there exists a subset of children with rapid onset of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) or tic disorders and these symptoms are caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) infections. When strep bacteria enters the bloodstream through a cut in the mouth. use antiseptic mouthwash and maintain excellent oral hygiene especially when sick with strep!