Stereotype threat is when a culturally entrenched idea of a group/gender/racial identity directly affect the performance and participation of those people. see this link for study http://arts.uwaterloo.ca/~sspencer/spencerlab/articles/2001-Quinn-Spencer.pdf
What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland's School Success
Thin Ice: Stereotype Threat and Black College Students When capable black college students fail to perform as well as their white counterparts, the explanation often has less to do with preparation or ability than with the threat of stereotypes about their capacity to succeed. Educators at Stanford who tested this hypothesis report their findings and propose solutions
What is Stereotype Threat? What is Stereotype Threat? The situation where you’re at risk of confirming a negative stereotype about your group. LinksSteele & Aronson (this is technically not the same article but a summary of Steele’s work throughout the years that includes these studies)Shih et al By: Conjecture.