St Jerome Fromm the Bishop West chantry chapel at Ely cathedral. St Jerome (ca. 347 – 420) is best known as the translator of the Bible from Greek and Hebrew into Latin. He also was a Christian apologist. Jerome's edition, the Vulgate, is still an important biblical text of the Roman Catholic Church. In the artistic tradition of the Roman Catholic Church it has been usual to represent him, the patron of Scriptural studies, as a cardinal.