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Indirect spinothalamic pathways: these pathways mediate the affective and arousal components of pain, temperature, and simple tactile sensations

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localization of brainstem lesions - oculomotor and trochlea nuclei, abducens and facial nuclei, hypoglossal nucleus, dorsal motor nucleus, nucleus ambiguus, medial lemniscus, lateral spinothalamic tract, corticospinal tract

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