A peaceful protest in Orangeburg, SC in 1968 by frustrated black college students, who were denied use of the community’s only bowling alley, led to the killings of three young black men. 27 others were injured — most shot in the back by the state police. The massive show of armed force against the black protesters was ordered by Governor Robert Evander McNair, a lifelong Democrat who died in 2007.
Three African American students Samuel Ephesians Hammond Jr., 18, Delano Herman Middleton, 17 and Henry Ezekial Smith, 18 were killed by police on February 8, 1968. They were students at one of America's Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) South Carolina State University. Referred to as the Orangeburg Massacre. South Carolina Highway Patrol officers shot and killed protesters on campus on the evening of February 8, 1968.