Three African American students Samuel Ephesians Hammond Jr., 18, Delano Herman Middleton, 17 and Henry Ezekial Smith, 18 were killed by police on February 8, 1968. They were students at one of America's Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) South Carolina State University. Referred to as the Orangeburg Massacre. South Carolina Highway Patrol officers shot and killed protesters on campus on the evening of February 8, 1968.
You've heard of the Kent State shootings and you may know of the Jackson State killings -- but do you know about the Orangeburg massacre? On Feb. 8, 1968, three students were killed and 28 were injured in Orangeburg, South Carolina — most shot in the back by the state police while protesting segregation at the local bowling alley.
"Plantation Police. Runaway Slave Patrol. 1858" Slave patrols were organized groups of 3 to 6 white men who enforced discipline upon black slaves during the antebellum U.S. southern states. They policed the slaves on the plantations and hunted down fugitive slaves. Patrols used summary punishment against escapees, which included maiming or killing them. Beginning in 1704 in South Carolina, slave patrols were established and the idea spread throughout the southern states. — in South Carolina.