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Huyler's Metropolitan Chocolate - Never had an equal, never will have | Image from page 368 of "The American journal of Semitic languages and literatures" (1895) | Subjects: Semitic philology Hebrew philology | Contributing Library: University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

12th C. A manuscript page of the Qur'an from al-Andalus, (Iberia) which the Moors controlled from 711-1492. The thicker text in the middle is in Kufic script.

4 – Sumerian writing was invented in the second half of the fourth millennium BC. Initially it was used to write Sumerian language; later, however, it was also adapted to the Semitic languages such as Assyrian and Babylonian. In great times of prosperity, literary works such as ‘Epic of Gilgamesh’, the Creation Epic and the …


Akkadian is an extinct Semitic language spoken in ancient Mesopotamia. The earliest attested Semitic language, it used the cuneiform writing system, which was originally used to write ancient Sumerian. The name of the language is derived from the city of Akkad, a major center of Semitic Mesopotamian civilization during the Akkadian Empire (ca. 2334–2154 BC), although the language predates the founding of Akkad. Akkadian was the lingua franca in Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East.


The Ugaritic script is a cuneiform used from around either the 1400/1300 BC for Ugaritic, an extinct Northwest Semitic language, and discovered in Ugarit (modern Ras Shamra), Syria, in 1928. It has 30 letters. Other languages (particularly Hurrian) were occasionally written in the Ugaritic script.


5.2.6 - VSO word order Present in most Semitic languages, some Nilo-Saharan languages (Maasai for example), most Phillipine languages, all Oceanic languages, most Celtic languages and some families in central and north America (including...

Aramaic, a Semitic language related to Hebrew and Arabic, was spoken and written all over the Middle East from the beginning of the first millennium BC. Unlike Sumerian or Akkadian, it was written with an alphabet of just 22 letters, making it much easier to learn and use. This bowl from Kish, dating to the 6th century AD, is covered with an incantation in Aramaic to ward off evil demons.