March 25, 1931: Nine black males who became known as the "Scottsboro Boys" were falsely charged with rape in Alabama. Over the course of 45 years and many re-trials, they were each pardoned from prison and declared (oops!) innocent.
The Scottsboro Boys were nine Black teenage boys (the youngest was 13 and the oldest was 19) accused of rape in Alabama in 1931. The landmark set of legal cases from this incident dealt with racism and the right to a fair trial. The case included a frameup, an all-White jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, an angry mob, and is an example of an overall miscarriage of justice.
The Case of the Scottsboro Boys [VIDEO]. Finally, in 1937, four of the defendants were released and five were given sentences from twenty years to life; four of those were released on parole between 1943 and 1950. The fifth escaped prison in 1948 and fled to Michigan. Clarence Norris walked out of Kilby Prison after being paroled in 1946 and moved north; he received a full pardon from Governor George Wallace in 1976.
The Scottsboro Boys on March 25 1931 nine black boys were hitching a ride aboard the Southern Railroad freight train a fight broke out between the black and white kids. When the train stationed at Paint Rock, Alabama, the police and a mob of angry white men were waiting for the black boys to arrest them. However, the boys were charged with raping two white women Victoria Price and Ruby Bates instead of fighting with the white kids. All the boys, except the youngest, were sentenced to death.