Jo Hyam - Textiles: 3D Jo Hyam - made by sandwiching silk fibres, tiny pieces of fabric and textured threads between layers of soluble film & machine stitched. I may add hand stitching, beads, or glitter. - damp cloth is placed over a mould, eg a vase, a medium (such as varnish) added, and left to dry; the more shaped, ruched or folded pieces will be dried with a hair drier to set the piece before being left for up to a week to dry completely. http://www.johyam.co.uk
Issey Miyake, in the late 1980s began to experiment with new methods of pleating that would allow both flexibility of movement for the wearer as well as ease of care and production. In which the garments are cut and sewn first, then sandwiched between layers of paper and fed into a heat press, where they are pleated.