Omar Khayyám Born in Nishapur, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. In Bukhara he became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the medieval period. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra, which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. Died in 1131.
Edmund Dulac illustration in Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám by Crossett Library Bennington College on Flickr. Illustration by Edmund Dulac in Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám by Omar Khayyám. Rendered into English verse by Edward Fitzgerald. London