Rosa Parks went to prison because she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. She willingly went to prison to try and prove a point that she had really done nothing wrong because they should be considered equal.
Early Childhood Incidents and Experiences, ca. 1955-1958. Autograph manuscript. Rosa Parks Papers. Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. (Rosa Parks recounts the desertion of her father, James McCauley, and growing up in rural Pine Level, Alabama on the farm of maternal grandparents, Sylvester and Rosa Edwards, with her mother and brother, Leona and Sylvester McCauley.)