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ROMANESQUE ARCHITECTURE, France - Plan, Ste-Foy, Conques, 1050-1130. The church has a traditional Latin cross plan which has been modified to accommodate large crowds that would not interfere with the duties of the clergy.

Romanesque architecture appeared in Catalonia (Spain) around 1000 AD, and is one of the glories of that region where it is said there are over 2,000 Romanesque buildings, the stars of which are the small, beautiful churches scattered in the rural valleys of the north. Particularly striking are the churches in the narrow Vall de Boi, situated in the Alta Ribagorça region of the high Pyrenees and surrounded by steep mountains.


Classic Romanesque Architecture. Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of Medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches.


The Romanesque church of San Millán (12th century), Segovia, Spain.



Amalfi Cathedral is a 9th-century Roman Catholic church in the Piazza del Duomo, Amalfi, Italy. Predominantly of Arab-Norman Romanesque architectural style, it has been remodeled several times, adding Romanesque, Byzantine, Gothic, and Baroque elements.


Piazza dei Miracoli - Pisa Cathedral is a medieval Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, in the Piazza dei Miracoli in Pisa, Italy. It is a notable example of Romanesque architecture, in particular the style known as Pisan Romanesque

main characteristics Gothic: flying buttresses, windows with tracery, piers composed of colonettes or shafts bundled around a core. Skeletal system vs. mass of wall necessary in Romanesque architecture. Big windows vs small windows. emphasis on the VERTICAL.


Rose windows became characteristic of Gothic architecture though it came into vogue during the Romanesque period.


Autun, The Cathédrale St-Lazare (Cathedral of St. Lazarus) is the most important historical building in Autun, Burgundy. This view shows its later Gothic additions.


The westwork of the Maria Laach Abbey, Germany, C12th, (porch 1225) is typical of Germany, a form that dates to Carolingian architecture with grouped towers of different plans and both "candle-snuffer" and Rhenish helm spires.


Church of Maria Laach -The church is considered an important example of German Romanesque architecture - Glees, Rhineland-Palatinate - Germany


Romanesque style - is marked by great variation in decoration. The carvings are very geometric and appear above the portal (archway) into a cathedral. Note the columns are slender with a smallish capital. The capital does have some carving at the top that is very detailed.