Pinterest • The world’s catalogue of ideas

In Britain, the Romanesque style became known as “Norman” because the major building scheme in the 11th and 12th centuries was instigated by William the Conqueror, who invaded Britain in 1066 from Normandy in northern France. Gloucester Cathedral is an excellent example of churches in the Norman, or Romanesque style. Gloucester Cathedral, nave, photo: Michael D. Beckwith (CC BY 2.0)

Romanesque architecture - 500s-1100s stone barrel vault or groin vault, thick and heavy walls & pillars, small windows, round arches supporting the roof, round "blind arches" used extensively for decoration, nave with side aisles (though some modest churches are aisleless), a transept (section crossing the nave at a right angle, giving the church a cross shape), an apse (semicircular niche, usually in the east end), multiple towers, usually at the west end and over the transept crossing