Lucius Junius Brutus - the founder of the Roman Republic and traditionally one of the first consuls in 509 BCE. White marble. 1st — early 2nd cent. C.E.? Naples, National Archaeological Museum. Origin: From the Farnese collection.
The Roman general and consul, Sulla, cast the die for the fall of the Roman Republic. Sulla was the first Roman consul to march on Rome, which he followed by an almost full seizure power over the Republic. Sulla redeemed himself in 81BC by relinquishing the powers he had seized and reinstating the Republic, but his actions were the model followed soon afterward by Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar marched on Rome in 49BC but did not reinstate the Republic and democratic rule was lost.
Sempronia---Giovanni Boccaccio Title Des cleres et nobles femmes, De claris mulieribus in an anonymous French translation Origin France, Central (Paris) Date 1st quarter of the 15th century Language French
5th Legion Roman Gold Officer’s Ring, 2nd-3rd Century AD The 5th Macedonian Legion (Legio V Macedonia) was founded in the year 43 BC by Octavian, the later Augustus, and Consul Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetroniasus. It existed in Moesia until the 5th century. The 5th Legion was one of the original 28 legions raised by Octavian. It is also the longest lived Roman Legion, spanning 680 years from 43 BC to 637 AD.
Caligula as commander-in-chief, in armor, wearing an oak leaf wreath. On January 24th, AD 41, the emperor Caligula was stabbed to death in Rome. On the same day, portraits of Caligula were thrown into the Tiber. Three of the c. 45 known portraits of Caligula were in fact found in that river. "This cuirass bust is one of them."