Submarine (2011) -- similar to the effect in The Graduate, this film contrasts the individual in the frame alone vís-a-vís with the love interest; often created by same or similar shot, once alone, again with love interest, a third time alone.
Penny of Richard III of England (b. 1452 - d. 1485) ~ Richard III was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty
King Philip II Augustus of France (21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223) One of the most successful medieval French monarchs, Philip went on the Third Crusade (1189–1192) with Richard (lionheart) I of England and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I Barbarossa.
Richard I of England (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) King, Crusader, knight and Overlord of Brittany. He was known as Cœur de Lion, or Richard the Lionheart. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, effectively leading the campaign after the departure of Philip Augustus and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, but was unable to reconquer Jerusalem.