Penny of Richard III of England (b. 1452 - d. 1485) ~ Richard III was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 in the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty
Submarine (2011) -- similar to the effect in The Graduate, this film contrasts the individual in the frame alone vís-a-vís with the love interest; often created by same or similar shot, once alone, again with love interest, a third time alone.
King Philip II Augustus of France (21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223) One of the most successful medieval French monarchs, Philip went on the Third Crusade (1189–1192) with Richard (lionheart) I of England and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick I Barbarossa.
King Richard I of England and King Richard IV of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Maine, Count of Nantes and Overlord of Brittany, 1157-1199.Some historians claim that he was nicknamed the Lionheart long before he became king, because at age only 16 he was already head of a huge army and fearless in battle. Other historians claim that Lionheart was a name attributed to him in legend, long after he died. As is the way with so many heroic figures there is a lot of myth…
The Black Prince. (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376) was the eldest son of King Edward III of England and his wife Philippa of Hainault as well as father to King Richard II of England.He was called Edward of Woodstock in his early life, after his birthplace, and has more recently been popularly known as the Black Prince. An exceptional military leader, his victories over the French at the Battles of Crécy and Poitiers made him very popular during his lifetime.
Richard I of England (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) King, Crusader, knight and Overlord of Brittany. He was known as Cœur de Lion, or Richard the Lionheart. Richard was a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade, effectively leading the campaign after the departure of Philip Augustus and scoring considerable victories against his Muslim counterpart, Saladin, but was unable to reconquer Jerusalem.