On this day, Feb 28, 1854, the United States Republican Party is founded by anti-slavery expansion activists (ex-Whigs, ex-Free Soilers, and modernizers). It is commonly called GOP, standing for Grand Old Party. Abraham Lincoln was the country's first Republican President, whose term was 1861-1865.
History of the United States Republican Party - Wikipedia
Celebrating the Republican party’s victory and proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic - Barcelona, 1931
Republican Party Platform of 1956: Our great President Dwight D. Eisenhower has counseled us further: "In all those things which deal with people, be liberal, be human. In all those things which deal with people's money, or their economy, or their form of government, be conservative."
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th U.S. President and a Republican (left), and Franklin Roosevelt, the 32nd U.S. President and a Democrat. The Republican and Democratic parties effectively switched platforms between their presidencies.