The world's first postage stamp was issued by Great Britain in 1840. Featuring a bust of Queen Victoria, it has come to be known as the "Penny Black." It also marked the introduction of "uniform penny postage" in a mail system: the rate to carry a letter to ANY destination within the country was now the same, and not based on distance carried.
Claridges: London, was founded in 1812 as Mivart's Hotel located in a conventional London terrace house it grew by expanding into neighbouring houses. In 1860 Empress Eugenie made an extended visit and entertained Queen Victoria at the hotel, the reputation of the hotel was confirmed!