Growth mindset is arguably the most popular psychological theory in both education and sport at the moment. It makes intuitive sense; if you work hard and learn from your feedback, then you will probably improve your ability.
People of Pedagogy Lev Vygotsky is a behaviourist theorist Jean Piaget is much reputed for his theory of children's cognitive development Brumer's insightsin perceptive abilities of learners and its correlation with the learning motivation.
These 6 men revolutionized teaching. Every teacher should be aware of their works and how they apply to the classroom. Especially considering the fact that between the 6 of them, their theories are central to modern teaching.
Many class like to focus on instructional design theory. I think this is a great graphic to compare and contrast some of the most used theories. A Quick, No-Nonsense Guide to Basic Instructional Design Theory